Diabetic retinopathy is a severe condition that occurs when the blood
vessels in the back of the eyes (retina) are damaged. This condition is
a complication of diabetes and can develop when patients do not manage
diabetes correctly. It’s essential to keep in mind that diabetic retinopathy
is associated with both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.
Diabetic retinopathy symptoms
One of the factors that makes diabetic retinopathy rather dangerous is
that it is hard to detect during the early stages of its development. In
fact, you may not even realise you have this disease, as there are no discernible
symptoms at the beginning. However, as the disease progresses, you may
notice the following diabetic retinopathy symptoms:
The impairment in vision can occur in one or both your eyes. So, as soon
as you experience any vision changes, you should immediately visit an ophthalmologist.
Who is at risk for developing diabetic retinopathy?
As diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes, patients who do
not adequately monitor their blood sugar levels are considered to be the
most at risk for developing this disease. Moreover, there are a few other
factors that can increase the risk of developing diabetic retinopathy,
Diabetic Retinopathy Treatment
The treatment of diabetic retinopathy depends
entirely on how far the disease has progressed. You can expect your eye
doctor to recommend any of the following:
Early diabetic retinopathy treatment
Doctors do not recommend a specific treatment course for patients who
have early diabetic retinopathy (or retinopathy that has not spread vastly).
Generally, the recommended course of action is to monitor the retina regularly
and control your blood sugar levels.
Advanced diabetic retinopathy treatments
There are four main courses of treatment that doctors generally recommend
based on how far the disease has progressed:
Also known as focal laser treatment, it involves using lasers to prevent
fluid or blood leaking from damaged vessels
This is called a scatter laser treatment and is used to shrink abnormal
vessels in the eyes, along with treating areas of the retina to prevent
This procedure involves Vitreoretinal surgery in the eye to
remove blood from the vitreous humour (fluid) along with any damaged tissue
that might be harming the retina.
Vascular Endothelial Growth Inhibitors (VEGF):
This procedure involves injecting medicines known as VEGF into the eye.
This prevents the growth of new blood vessels and can slow down the progression
of diabetic retinopathy.
Diabetic retinopathy is entirely preventable. If you have diabetes, you
must follow a low-sugar and low-carb diet and indulge in light exercises
daily to ensure that complications related to diabetes (such as diabetic
retinopathy) do not occur. If you experience any changes in your vision,
get in touch at the earliest.
Why visit Centre for Sight?
With 45 centres pan-India and over 150 doctors, we are the right place
to turn to for any of your eye-care needs. Our advanced diagnostic tools
ensure quick and efficient diagnosis so that no time is wasted before starting
your treatment. Our retinal surgery unit
is renowned as one of the best in India, as we use state-of-the-art technologies
to ensure that the proper treatment is administered. This is why so many
of our patients walk away with positive outcomes!
Article: Diabetic Retinopathy: Symptoms, Risk Factors,
Treatment and More!
Author: CFS Editorial Team | Mar 19 2021 | UPDATED
*The views expressed here are solely those of the author in his private
capacity and do not in any way represent the views of Centre for Sight.