Retina & Uvea Services

What is the retina?

The retina is the innermost, thin layer of nerve cells that lines the back of the eye. The function of the retina is to convert the light into neural signals and send them to the brain for visual recognition. The retina is a vital tissue, and retinal disorders may severely affect the sight and cause blindness, if not treated on time.

Some common types of retinal
diseases and conditions

Some common types of retinal diseases and conditions

Retinal tear

Retinal detachment

Diabetic retinopathy

Epiretinal membrane

Retinitis pigmentosa

Macular degeneration

Macular hole

Book an appointment with us today for retina and uvea services

Call us for diabetic retinopathy treatment, retinal detachment surgery, retinal detachment treatment, vitreoretinal surgery, retinopathy treatment, and retinal detachment surgery cost related queries.

Why Choose Centre for Sight For Retinal Disorders?

Centre for Sight provides you with comprehensive treatment for retinal disorders.

1. The spectrum of services we offer for retinal disorders are:

  • Retina care with advanced vitreoretinal surgeries
  • Retinal detachment treatment (Retinal tear treatment)
  • Diabetic retinopathy management
  • Laser retina treatment
  • Treatment for age-related macular degeneration
  • Treatment for uveitis

2. We have one of the best teams of highly-skilled and experienced retina specialists

3. We house the best infrastructure and state-of-the-art medical equipment for retinal care

Best retina specialists in India

Best retina specialists in India

Centre for Sight has one of the best teams of retina specialists in India. We offer all-inclusive medical and surgical management of even the most complex vitreoretinal diseases with the best possible outcomes.

If you are also looking for some of the best retina specialists in India, then Centre for Sight is the right option for you. We are located across the country to provide specialized treatment for retina and complete eye care solutions.

We treat our patients with the utmost care and precision for retinal disorders. We are one of the most preferred choices for diabetic retinopathy treatment, retinal detachment surgery, retinal detachment treatment (retinal tear treatment), vitreoretinal surgery, retinopathy treatment, and various other services.

As one of the best teams of retina specialists in India, we help you with early detection of the most-severe retinal disorders as well as diagnose it in the best way with a range of treatment options.

Diabetic Retinopathy: An Overview

What is diabetic retinopathy?

Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes mellitus that damages the nerves and blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue lining the inner wall at the back of the eye known as the retina.

What causes diabetic retinopathy?

Diabetic retinopathy is seen as the most common cause of vision loss in people who have diabetes. This retinal disorder happens due to the damage caused by diabetes to the tiny blood vessels located in the retina- microangiopathy

What are the symptoms of diabetic retinopathy?

It’s difficult for a person to identify the early onset of this condition. However, as it starts getting worse, symptoms will begin to arise, such as:

Seeing lots of floaters (various shapes that appear to be floating in the field of vision)

Having blurred vision

Inconsistent focus

Colour blindness

Poor vision especially at night

Loss of vision

Diabetic Retinopathy Treatment At Centre for Sight

Diabetic retinopathy treatment with us begins with a comprehensive ophthalmic examination done by our retina specialists. The choice of treatment depends on the stage of the disease, the age of the patient, and the recommendations of the retina specialist. Based on the results of the tests our retina specialists suggest the following methods of diabetic retinopathy treatment.

The initial assessment includes visual acuity tests, eye pressure measurements, and direct visualization of the retina with an ophthalmoscope.

Our team of one of the best retina specialists in India is equipped to conduct tests that require more extensive imaging with technology to capture the details of the damage caused by abnormal blood vessels & assess the severity of the condition.

The imaging tests we conduct include Fundus Fluorescein Angiography (FFA) and Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)

We are well equipped with the latest Spectralis system of OCT as well as OCT Angiography

Diabetic retinopathy treatment modalities are laser photocoagulation, intravitreal injections, and vitrectomy.

1. Laser photocoagulation

One of the modalities for diabetic retinopathy treatment is laser photocoagulation. It is a treatment that destroys the areas of the retina deprived of oxygen. Thus, laser photocoagulation in diabetic retinopathy treatment aims to prevent the production of VEGF (Vascular endothelial growth factor) and reduce the chances of development of abnormal new vessels.
This conventional way of treating diabetic retinopathy is usually done in multiple sessions. This treatment takes three to four months to be fully effective and may require to be repeated depending on the diabetes status.
Laser photocoagulation in diabetic retinopathy hence stabilizes the disease process and prevents vision loss in these patients.

2. Intravitreal injections

Intravitreal injections are also used for diabetic retinopathy treatment. This treatment process involves injecting a defined dose of medicine into the eyes. These injections are used in patients who develop swelling in the macula (central area of the retina responsible for focused vision). Injecting intravitreal injections reduces the central macular swelling and improves the vision of the patient. These injections are required in multiple doses and repeated whenever the swelling increases.
Intravitreal injections are also administered prior to retinal surgery to avoid excess bleeding.

How are intravitreal injections put in the eye during diabetic retinopathy treatment?

The process of intravitreal injections takes about 20-30 minutes and involves the following steps:

The procedure is performed in the operation theatre taking all aseptic and antiseptic precautions

Specialized drops are put into the patient’s eyes to dilate the pupils

The patient is asked to lie face up in a convenient manner

Following the dilation of pupils, the patient’s eyes and eyelids will be cleaned.

Numbing (anaesthetic) drops are instilled to numb the eyes

A device is then placed on the patient’s eyelids to keep the eyes open

The patient is asked to look towards the light

The intravitreal injection is injected with a fine needle under an operating microscope

The process is painless, but the patient feels some pressure on the eyes

Antibiotic drops are put in the patient’s eyes at the end of the procedure and the eye is patched for two hourss

3. Vitrectomy (Vitreoretinal Surgery)

Diabetic retinopathy treatment also includes advanced vitreoretinal microsurgery surgery. These surgeries are required in advanced cases of diabetic retinopathy with severe damage to the retina and generally associated with bleeding inside the eye cavity. Vitrectomy or vitreoretinal surgery aims to remove the abnormal amount of blood collected in the eyes and to remove the scar tissues over the retina as well as settle the retina in cases of diabetic retinal detachment.
During vitrectomy (Vitreoretinal Surgery) for diabetic retinopathy treatment, our retina specialists make micro-incision in the patient’s and use micro-instruments to complete the procedure under high powered ophthalmic viewing microscopes. Vitreoretinal surgery is performed under sedation, so the patient does not feel any pain.

Retinal Detachment Treatment (Retinal Tear Treatment)
at Centre For Sight Insights

What is retinal detachment?

It is a detachment of the retina from the underlying layer of blood vessels that provides it with nutrients and oxygen. In retinal detachment, a break in the retina allows the fluid in the eye to go behind the retina.
Retinal detachment appears like a curtain over a part of the field of vision which gradually increases to cause a complete blackout of vision in the affected eye. If left untreated, a retinal detachment, which is also known as a detached retina, can result in permanent vision loss.

What are the symptoms of retinal detachment?

Blurred vision

Learn More

If you notice sudden spots, floaters (black or grey specks that seem to float away when the person tries to look directly at them) and flashes of light, then these might be the warning signs

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Partial vision loss. This vision loss feels like a curtain has been pulled across the field of your vision. You may experience a shadow effect too

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The detached retina is not painful

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Surgery For Retinal Detachment Treatment (Retinal tear treatment)

Surgery is considered as a highly successful treatment for retinal detachment. If you are experiencing symptoms of this eye condition, then it is best advised to get retinal detachment treatment (retinal tear treatment) as soon as possible.

Types of retinal detachment surgery
(Retinal tear treatment)

Laser photocoagulation and Freezing treatment (cryopexy) Pneumatic retinopexy Scleral buckle Vitreoretinal surgery
Both done in the initial stages of Retinal detachment when only a retinal break is present with a minimal area of detachment Pneumatic retinopathy involves putting a gas bubble in the eye in a way that it allows the retina to float and get back to its place. In this retinal detachment surgery, surgeons sew a silicon material to the sclera. This buckling indents the eyewall to a position where it allows the retina to reattach. In this surgery, micro incisions are made in the eye through which micro-instruments are inserted by specialised surgeons to complete the procedure and reattach the retina. At the end of the procedure, silicon oil liquid or a specialised gas is left within the eye cavity to provide support to enable attachment of the retina. With the advancement in medical technology, this surgery is one of the most common for complex retinal detachment.
Our team of one of the best retina specialists in India is well equipped for laser photocoagulation where they put a laser beam into the eye to create a burn around the retinal tear. The burn creates a scar sealing the retina to the underlying tissue. This retinal detachment treatment (retinal tear treatment) is usually done with laser surgery to ensure the retina stays in its right position permanently. This is one of the most popular surgeries for uncomplicated retinal detachments.
We also offer freezing treatment or cryopexy. This process involves applying extreme cold to the diseased tissue that makes a scar that secures the retina.

Are you worried about retinal detachment surgery cost?

Get in touch with Centre for Sight for all things related to the retina. Retinal detachment surgery cost or information about diabetic retinopathy treatment, our consultants are always there to guide you with the best possible treatment.
We follow a cost-effective approach so that our treatment is accessible to all. We strive to achieve excellence in eye care. Once you get in touch with us, we will guide you through the procedures and share the retinal detachment surgery costs.

Treatment for Age-related Macular Degeneration (ARMD or AMD) At Centre for Sight

What is age-related macular degeneration? (ARMD or AMD)


Macular Degeneration is a vision impairment in which the central retina called macula starts to deteriorate. As the macula plays a vital role in vision, its deterioration translates directly to deterioration of vision. It is often called age-related macular degeneration as the vision impairment progresses as the patient ages. It is quite common after the age of 65 years.
Age-related macular degeneration treatment may slow down or prevent progressive loss of vision but may not bring the lost vision back.
The ARMD treatment plan includes Anti–VEGF injections, PDT and Laser therapy, combination therapy and Low vision aids

Uveitis Treatment At Centre for Sight

Understanding Uveitis


The layer of tissue beneath the sclera (white part of the eye) is called the uvea. Uveitis is swelling and inflammation in this middle layer of the eyeball. It gets worse rapidly and requires urgent treatment.
Treatment for uveitis depends on which areas of the eye are affected and what has caused the condition. A comprehensive eye exam is required to check what kind of uveitis along with a whole battery of tests, like blood tests, X-rays, CT scans, etc.
Uveitis treatment involves medication through drops, injections or oral medications. Our retina specialists are skilled to conduct surgery as well for severe cases.

Frequently Asked Questions

What happens after vitreoretinal surgery?

Usually, vitreoretinal surgery is done on an outpatient basis. Your retina specialists will prescribe you antibiotic eye drops and anti-inflammatory eye drops for some weeks to come. Usually, vitreoretinal surgery has a high success rate.

What are the risk factors involved with retinal disorders?

Risks factors involved with retinal disorders can be:
● Ageing
● Smoking
● Diabetes and Hypertension
● Eye trauma
● Obesity
● A family history of retinal diseases

What kind of eye problems does vitrectomy surgery treat?

Vitrectomy surgery is done to treat a lot of eye disorders, like:
● Diabetic vitreous haemorrhage
● Retinal detachment
● Macular hole
● Proliferative vitreoretinopathy
● Endophthalmitis
● Removal of Intraocular foreign body
● Epiretinal membrane
● Retrieval of the lens nucleus following complicated cataract surgery

What are the types of retinal detachment?

There are mainly three types of retinal detachment.

1. Rhegmatogenous:
This is considered to be the most common type of retinal detachment. In this type, a tear/break occurs in the retina. The tear allows fluid from within the eye to get into the back of the retina. The area where retina detaches lose the obvious blood supply and discontinue to work, leading to loss of vision.

2. Tractional:
In this type of retinal detachment, scar tissue starts to grow on the retinas surface, eventually pulling the retina away from the back of the eye. Tractional retinal detachment is commonly seen in people who have diabetes.

3. Exudative:
In this kind of retinal detachment, the fluid accumulates beneath the retina. There are no tears in the retina. Causes of this can be ageing, injury to the eyes, inflammatory disorders, etc.

What are the other factors related to retinal detachment?

The other factors related to retinal detachment are:
● Family history
● Retinal detachment of one eye
● Diabetes

WHow does diabetic retinopathy progress?

Diabetic retinopathy progresses in four stages, namely:
Stage 1) Mild Non-proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (NPDR)
Stage 2) Moderate Non-proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy
Stage 3) Severe Non-proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy
Stage 4) Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (PDR)

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