We generally tend to ignore common symptoms of eye problems, thinking that they will wear off on their own. It turns out there are specific eye problems that need special attention and eye symptoms that need to be noticed before they develop into an irreversible vision loss. Here is a list of eye problems, the symptoms associated with them, and the possible treatment:
Diabetic RetinopathyDiabetic retinopathy is most common between diabetes 1 and diabetes 2 patients. This type of eye problem is caused when an increased level of diabetes starts to damage the blood vessels of the retina. There are two types of diabetic retinopathy:
- Non- proliferative diabetic retinopathy: This type occurs when there is leakage in the blood vessels causing the retina to swell. This is the most common type, which, if left untreated, may turn to proliferative type and lead to vision loss.
- Proliferative diabetic retinopathy: Also called the advanced stage of diabetic retinopathy. This type of condition occurs when there is an abnormal growth of blood vessels in the retina. The vessels bleed in the vitreous and can cause the appearance of dark floaters. This may result in permanent vision loss if not taken care of in time.
Symptoms: You may not notice signs in the initial stages, but in the advanced stages, you will begin to notice symptoms like:
- Seeing halos and floaters
- Having a blurry or distorted vision
- Suffer from a vision that sometimes changes from blurry to clear
- The appearance of black or dark areas in your field of view
- Having poor night vision
- Noticing faded colours or washed out losing vision
Treatment:The treatment depends on the level of complexity. It involves laser photocoagulation and intravitreal injections, or complicated and in advanced cases even vitreo retinal surgeries.
GlaucomaCommonly known as “silent thief of vision,” glaucoma is a group of eye diseases caused due to elevated pressure in the eyes. The high pressure that damages the optic nerve leads to complete vision loss. There are two types of glaucoma:
- Open-angle Glaucoma: This type comes with no warning signs and is generally painless.
- Closed-angle Glaucoma: This type occurs suddenly but comes with warning signs like redness and excruciating pain in the eye.