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Paediatric Ophthalmology & Squint
  • Does a child's eye care require a specialist ?

    Know about it

  • Common eye diseases in children ?

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  • What is amblyopia ?

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Paediatric Ophthalmology & Squint

A paediatrician is a doctor who specializes in the care of young children, and a specialist who treats young kids with eye-related problems is called pediatric ophthalmologist. Subsequently, the respective medical field is called Paediatric Ophthalmology. The need for a special branch of ophthalmology for children arises due to the fact that their needs regarding eye care are different from that of adults. They are still growing and have not settled on any stage of development, their visual disorders are different and have evolving eye-to-brain coordination. All of these reasons demand an extra emphasis on their requirements.

It is crucial to be attentive to children’s eye care when their eye-brain connections are still developing and strengthening. Any problem at this stage has the potential of permanently hindering their future visual capabilities. Different disorders and anomalies can cause various types of problems including the need for prescription eyewear, change in dietary habits, to development of a Squint or misalignment of eyes. It is better to prevent all these problems before they mature into full-blown visual damage, or identify and tackle the symptoms early on.

Here are some of the most widely recognized and common symptoms observed in children who experience difficulties related to eyes, vision and the functioning of their sensory system in regards to sight:

One easily noticeable symptom is when kids start to have difficulties in reading what is written on blackboards in school and sometimes even have trouble writing something in their notebooks.

Overtly, it is easy to recognize a physical symptom such as misalignment of the eyes, a Squint in the eyes, drooping eyelids or any other physical deformity around the eyes that look like they affect the vision.

Children often feel much more discomfort as compared to adults who have a higher tolerance for pain or irritation. Any signs of frequent headaches along with watery & red eyes, recurring inflammation or irritation in the eyes, should not be dismissed easily.

Easy susceptibility to different types of eye infections is also a very clear indicator that a more detailed eye check-up is required for the child.

Like it is the case with many other disorders, some of the disorders regarding the sense of sight are also hereditary in nature. If one has a family history of eye-related disorders or is in need of corrective glasses, it is entirely possible that the same problems may manifest in children.


A squint or strabismus often develops in young kids when the eye muscles don’t work properly to move the eyes in a parallel manner. Commonly understood as cross-eyed, the image perceived by the squint eye is ignored by the brain which leads to a condition called Amblyopia (Lazy Eye) in children.
While strabismus in adults can be cured, it does not go away on its own in children. Treatment to improve the balance of eye muscles and to improve squint should be taken as soon as possible.


Centre for Sight has a great Paediatric Ophthalmology team and provides treatment like strabismus surgery with the best of the facilities. Depending upon the type of strabismus, correct consultation and care are suggested for patients.

Along with full eye check-ups, there are a number of services provided at our centres across the country:

  • Refraction test under dilation
  • Amblyopia Treatment and Therapy
  • Strabismus surgery
  • Corrective eyeglasses and other visual aids
  • Trauma Services
  • Other surgical treatments and medicine courses.

Centre for Sight

We care and understand that the vision of your child is precious and unique. Thus we give you experienced eye specialists who are well trained in Paediatric eye care to make sure that your little one receives nothing less than the best care possible. With a great team of Paediatric ophthalmologists, our centres at Delhi, Gurgaon, Jaipur, Indore, Hyderabad, Vadodara, Meerut and Agra provide excellent services for your child’s eyecare.

We have paediatric eye care experts Dr Bharat Ratna, Dr Sumit Monga, Dr Kanak Tyagi, Dr Vimla Menon, Dr Sagrika, Dr Avinash Bagzai, Dr Mukesh Sharma, Dr Mayank Mahajan and Dr Monisha Bhalla treating patients across various centres in the country.


What is the job of a pediatric ophthalmologist?

Pediatric Ophthalmologists specifically provide treatment and care to children with eye problems. Most of the problems in these cases are found only in children or require different methods of treatment as compared to the adult versions of the same disorders.

What are pediatric eye doctors called?

An eye doctor for the kids is called Pediatric Ophthalmologist.

When does a child need an ophthalmologist’s check-up?

All children of 2-2.5 years of age should have an eye examination. Do not ignore the complaints of eye-ache, difficulty in reading, sore/irritated eyes, tiredness in kids- consult a pediatric ophthalmologist to get an accurate idea of the problem and later, if necessary, treatment too.

What is the way to become a pediatric ophthalmologist?

To become a pediatric ophthalmologist, one undergoes rigorous training where they learn to handle pediatric eye diseases in OPDs and in surgery. To be able to handle any case, they do diagnosis and investigations, and ultimately learn to manage everything as well.

What is the way to become a pediatric optometrist?

A Pediatric Optometrists is trained while working under or with a pediatric ophthalmologist. These are the people who learn through observing, asking questions, and then start practice.

What happens in an appointment with the ophthalmologist?

There will be an initial basic workup, where vision will be tested. If required, a dilated evaluation will be done. Dilation can be done either in the same visit( takes around 1.5-2 hours) or it can be home dilation.

Can ophthalmologists perform surgery?

It is a fact that most ophthalmologists are surgeons as well.

Are squint surgeries actually safe?

Yes, squint surgeries done in hospitals with expert doctors and infrastructure are safe.

What is the duration of a Strabismus surgery?

The time that is taken in surgery mostly depends upon the type and complexity of squint.

What are the normal success rates of surgeries for squint?

The success rate of a Strabismus surgery depends upon the type of squint. Consult your ophthalmologist about the kind of squint you are dealing with.

Does strabismus go away on its own, without external treatment?

Some squints in infants and young children can sometimes improve with age. But always consult a pediatric ophthalmologist if you notice squint in your child.

What happens in a Strabismus surgery?

A Strabismus surgery aims to improve or reduce squint. In the eye, there are six muscles that control the movement of your eyes. An imbalance in them causes the development of squint.

Can you cure a squint?

The conditions can be improved and the negative effects on vision due to a squint can be reduced with treatment.

What is the reason people squint in the sunlight?

Since the very bright light of the sun dazzles the retina, a temporary need to squint manifests.

Can squint be considered a disability?

A squint in itself is not a disability, but if it leads to irreparable vision damage, then it can become a disability.

If untreated, can a squint get worse?

Yes, it is possible for a squint to get worse and be permanently damaging if it is not treated properly.

What is the treatment of a squint?

Treatment of a squint can include the use of spectacles, eye muscle exercises, prisms or surgery; every method depends upon the age of the patient and causes of squint.

Can one get squint eye through heredity?

Yes, some types of squint are hereditary. But that is not the case always.