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Retinoblastoma

Retinoblastoma

Retina is the light-sensitive lining on the inside of our eye. Retina is composed of nerve tissue which can sense the light that falls on it after it enters the eye. It then uses the optic nerve to send signals to the brain which are finally interpreted as images. Retinoblastoma is one of the types of eye cancer that arises from Retina.

Unfortunately, Retinoblastoma affects children, usually younger than 6 years of age. It is the most common form of cancer that affects the eye in children. It is a serious condition which can lead to loss of vision and can also result in death if it's not treated in time. But the good news is that if the treatment is started early on, not only the life, but in most cases even the affected eye can be saved.

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What are the symptoms of Retinoblastoma?

Retinoblastoma mostly affects infants and children, so its symptoms may be hard to detect. It can either affect only one eye or both of them.

Here are some signs that you may notice:

 
  • White eye reflection in eyes of kids - the presence of a white coloured reflex shining at the centre of the eye when light falls on it, like the flash of a camera.
  • Redness in the eye, not responding to routine treatment.
  • Swelling of the eye. The affected eye may appear bigger than the other or more promi-nent or bulging out.
  • Squint; both the eyes may appear to be looking in different directions.
 

You should make an appointment with the doctor the moment you notice any significant change to your child’s eyes. An Ophthalmologist (eye specialist) is the best person to go to in such a situation, and in case there is suspicion of Retinoblastoma after initial check up, you must seek opinion of an Ocular Oncologist, specialists who treat eye cancers. The Ocular Oncologist may need to get some tests done like Ultrasound of the eye, MRI or CT san of eyes and a proper Examination under anaesthesia. In case you have a family history of Retinoblastoma, you must get regular eye examinations done for your children to screen for the disease.

What Causes Retinoblastoma?

Retinoblastoma is caused by genetic mutations in the retina which causes the cells to keep growing and multiplying in an abnormal manner.

Due to this unhealthy growth, the accumulating mass of cells eventually forms a tumour. Retinoblastoma can also spread, in some cases, to other parts of the body, including the brain.

Treatment of Retinoblastoma

Treating retinoblastoma is a complex process as the treatment process involves the expertise of ocular oncologist, paediatric oncologist, and sometimes radiation oncologist. Saving the life of the patient is the first goal of retinoblastoma treatment.

Treatment modalities for retinoblastoma include:

 
This form of treatment involves killing the tumor cells by exposing them to extremely low temperatures. It is used for small and peripheral retinal tumours.
Surgery involves removal of the affected eye (Enucleation). This is sometimes required if the patient presents at an advanced stage, when other treatment methods are not likely to be successful. Even though families find it difficult to accept removal of eye as the final treatment method, modern surgical and reconstructive techniques have made it possible to have a high quality of life even after the loss of an eye. Centre for Sight, New Delhi has a state of the art facility to provide custom made artificial eye (ocular prosthesis) to pa-tients who undergo eye removal.
Other treatment methods include plaque brachytherapy, the placement of a radioactive implant on the sclera to selectively deliver radiation with minimum collateral damage and external beam radiotherapy, which is mostly used in cases of Retinoblastoma cases with orbital involvement.
 

Treat Retinoblastoma with the best eye care and treatment methods at Centre For Sight

Treatment for Retinoblastoma is highly complex and often requires multiple modalities. The treatment plan is customized for every patient depending on the severity and extent of the disease.

We understand it is a hard disease to fight, but at Centre for Sight, New Delhi we can ensure that you’ll get the most advanced treatment methods conducted by domain experts to provide the best retinoblastoma treatment in India. Our eye hospital in Delhi is equipped with the latest technology and treatment methods to tackle Retinoblastoma.

Lastly, regular eye checkups for your child can help massively as the treatment can be more effective if the disease is detected early on.

*Support available for economically underprivileged patients of Retinoblastoma.

Retinoblastoma Helpline no. (For Appointment) 9560080855


9:00 am - 7:00 pm