Glaucoma Surgery

What Is Glaucoma Surgery?

Glaucoma surgery is a procedure that is performed to treat glaucoma, a condition that causes damage to the optic nerve and can lead to vision loss. The surgery aims to reduce the pressure inside the eye and prevent further damage to the optic nerve. There are different types of glaucoma surgery, including trabeculectomy, tube shunt surgery, and laser surgery.

Glaucoma surgery is usually recommended when other treatments, such as medication or laser therapy, fail to adequately control the intraocular pressure. The specific procedure chosen depends on the severity of the glaucoma and the patient’s overall health.

Signs You May Need Glaucoma Surgery

There are several signs that may indicate the need for glaucoma surgery. These include:

– High intraocular pressure that cannot be controlled with medication or laser therapy

– Progression of optic nerve damage despite treatment

– Severe vision loss or visual field loss

– Intolerable side effects from glaucoma medications

– Inability to adhere to the medication regimen

If you are experiencing any of these signs, it is important to consult with an eye specialist who can evaluate your condition and determine if glaucoma surgery is necessary.

Glaucoma Surgery Procedure

The specific procedure for glaucoma surgery depends on the type of surgery being performed. Some common procedures include:

Trabeculectomy: A small piece of tissue is removed to create a new drainage channel, allowing fluid to drain out of the eye.

Minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS): These procedures use tiny devices or implants to improve the eye’s natural drainage system, often with fewer complications and a quicker recovery time compared to traditional surgeries.

Glaucoma drainage implants (aqueous shunts or tubes): These are small tubes inserted into the eye to help drain fluid and reduce pressure.

Laser trabeculoplasty: Laser energy is used to improve the drainage of fluid from the eye by opening or widening the drainage channels.

During the surgery, the eye surgeon will make a small incision in the eye and use specialized instruments to perform the necessary steps. The surgery is typically performed under a microscope to ensure precision and accuracy. After the procedure, the eye may be patched or shielded to protect it during the initial healing phase.

Preparing For Glaucoma Treatment 

Before undergoing glaucoma surgery, it is important to follow the pre-operative instructions provided by your eye surgeon. These may include:

  • Stopping certain medications that can increase the risk of bleeding
  • Arranging for transportation to and from the surgical facility
  • Avoiding food and drink for a certain period of time before the surgery
  • Taking any prescribed medications as instructed

Glaucoma Eye Surgery Aftercare

After the surgery, proper aftercare is essential for a successful recovery. This may include:

  • Using prescribed eye drops or medications to prevent infection and reduce inflammation
  • Avoiding strenuous activities and heavy lifting for a certain period of time
  • Protecting the eye from injury or irritation
  • Attending follow-up appointments with your eye surgeon to monitor the healing process

It is important to closely follow all post-operative instructions provided by your eye surgeon to ensure the best possible outcome.

Advantages of Glaucoma eye surgery

Glaucoma eye surgery offers several advantages for patients with glaucoma. These include:

Reduction in intraocular pressure: Glaucoma surgery aims to lower the pressure inside the eye, which can help prevent further damage to the optic nerve and preserve vision.

Potential reduction in the need for medication: Depending on the success of the surgery, some patients may be able to reduce or eliminate their reliance on glaucoma medications.

Improved quality of life: By controlling the intraocular pressure and preventing further vision loss, glaucoma surgery can improve the overall quality of life for patients with glaucoma.

Long-term effectiveness: In many cases, glaucoma surgery can provide long-term control of intraocular pressure and delay the progression of glaucoma.

It is important to discuss the potential advantages and risks of glaucoma surgery with your eye surgeon to determine if it is the right treatment option for you.

Eligibility Criteria for Glaucoma surgery

Glaucoma surgery may be recommended for individuals who meet certain eligibility criteria. These criteria may vary depending on the type of surgery and the individual patient’s condition, but some general factors that may be considered include:

  • Inadequate control of intraocular pressure with medications or other treatments
  • Progressive optic nerve damage
  • Severe vision loss or visual field loss
  • Good overall health and ability to tolerate surgery
  • Willingness to adhere to post-operative care instructions

It is important to consult with an eye specialist who can evaluate your condition and determine if you meet the eligibility criteria for glaucoma surgery.

Risks and Side Effects of Glaucoma Surgery

Like any surgical procedure, glaucoma surgery carries some risks and potential side effects. These may include:

  • Infection: There is a risk of developing an infection after glaucoma surgery, which may require additional treatment.
  • Bleeding: Some bleeding may occur during or after the surgery, which can lead to temporary blurred vision or other visual disturbances.
  • Inflammation: The eye may become inflamed after the surgery, causing redness, pain, and sensitivity to light. This can usually be managed with medication.
  • Vision changes: Some patients may experience temporary or permanent changes in vision, such as double vision or reduced visual acuity.
  • Cataract formation: Glaucoma surgery may increase the risk of developing cataracts, which can cloud the lens of the eye and affect vision.

It is important to discuss the potential risks and side effects of glaucoma surgery with your eye surgeon before undergoing the procedure. They can provide you with more specific information based on your individual circumstances.

Are There Any Alternatives to Glaucoma Surgery?

While glaucoma surgery may be necessary for some individuals, there are alternative treatments that can be considered depending on the severity of the glaucoma and the individual patient’s condition. These may include:

Medications: Prescription eye drops or oral medications may be used to lower the intraocular pressure and manage glaucoma.

Laser therapy: Laser trabeculoplasty and laser cyclophotocoagulation are two types of laser therapy that can be used to treat glaucoma.

Traditional surgery: In some cases, traditional glaucoma surgery may be recommended if other treatments have been ineffective.

It is important to consult with an eye specialist who can evaluate your condition and determine the most appropriate treatment option for you.

Glaucoma Treatment Cost

The cost of glaucoma surgery can vary depending on several factors, including the type of surgery, the location of the surgical facility, the surgeon’s fees, and any additional tests or medications required. Traditional Glaucoma surgery (Trabeculectomy) cost varies from 15,000 – 65,000 while advanced stents (MIGS) may cost upwards of 1,00,000.

Why Choose Centre for Sight for Glaucoma Treatment?

Our commitment to providing the highest quality care for patients with glaucoma is unwavering, making us the preferred choice for individuals seeking comprehensive eye care.

We understand the significance of early detection and tailored treatment for glaucoma, often referred to as the “silent thief of vision.” Our skilled ophthalmologists and glaucoma specialists are equipped with cutting-edge diagnostic tools to identify and monitor glaucoma in its earliest stages. We emphasize regular eye examinations to ensure that glaucoma is detected promptly, enabling us to implement personalized treatment plans that address each patient’s unique needs.

One of the standout features of choosing Centre For Sight for glaucoma care is the ease of treatment and glaucoma surgery. Our experts employ a range of treatment modalities, including advanced eye drops, laser therapy for glaucoma, minimally invasive glaucoma surgeries (MIGS), and traditional surgical techniques like trabeculectomy. These options ensure that patients receive the most appropriate and effective treatment to manage their condition, with minimal disruption to their daily lives.

Our dedication to patient-centric care extends beyond treatment and surgery. At Centre For Sight, we are committed to providing comprehensive eye care that encompasses regular follow-ups and ongoing support. We believe that informed patients are empowered patients, we take the time to educate our patients about their condition, treatment options, and the glaucoma treatment cost, as well as the importance of adherence to their prescribed regimen.

Centre For Sight is the foremost choice for glaucoma care, including kala motia treatment, due to our unwavering commitment to patient well-being, early detection, a wide array of treatment options, and a patient-centric approach to eyecare. With us, you can trust that your vision is in the hands of experts who prioritize your sight and overall eye health.

Frequently Asked Questions


How serious is glaucoma surgery?

Glaucoma surgery is serious but can be effective in managing the condition and preventing vision loss.

Can I live a normal life with glaucoma?

With proper treatment and management, many people with glaucoma can lead normal lives.

Is surgery a good option for glaucoma?

Surgery may be a good option for glaucoma, depending on the severity and type of the condition.

Can glaucoma be surgically cured?

Glaucoma cannot be surgically cured, but surgery can help manage the condition and prevent further vision loss.

Is glaucoma surgery major or minor?

Glaucoma surgery can be considered a major procedure due to its impact on vision and the need for careful post-operative care.

What are the different types of glaucoma surgery?

Different types of glaucoma surgery include trabeculectomy, minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS), glaucoma drainage implants, and laser trabeculoplasty.

Will I still need to use glaucoma medications after surgery?

Even after surgery, some patients may still need to use glaucoma medications to control eye pressure.

How effective is glaucoma surgery in lowering eye pressure?

Glaucoma surgery can be effective in lowering eye pressure, but the degree of effectiveness varies among individuals.

Can glaucoma surgery improve my vision?

Glaucoma surgery is primarily aimed at preventing further vision loss rather than improving existing vision.

What type of surgery is done for glaucoma?

The type of surgery for glaucoma depends on various factors, including the severity and type of glaucoma, as well as the patient’s overall health.

Are there any alternative treatments to glaucoma surgery?

Alternative treatments to glaucoma surgery may include medications, laser therapy, or other non-invasive procedures.

What are the early signs of glaucoma?

Early signs of glaucoma may include gradual loss of peripheral vision, eye pain, blurred vision, and seeing halos around lights.

Can glaucoma (kala motia) be cured completely?

Glaucoma cannot be completely cured, but it can be managed effectively with proper treatment and monitoring.

What should glaucoma patients avoid?

Glaucoma patients should avoid activities that increase intraocular pressure, such as heavy lifting or straining, as well as smoking and excessive caffeine intake.

How to get rid of eye pressure?

To alleviate eye pressure, patients can try techniques like blinking frequently, practicing relaxation exercises, and using prescribed medications as directed.

Can you reverse glaucoma?

Glaucoma is typically a chronic condition that cannot be reversed, but it can be managed to prevent further vision loss.

Can glaucoma medications produce side-effects?

Glaucoma medications may produce side effects such as eye irritation/redness, blurred vision, and systemic effects like fatigue or headache.

Does exercise play any role in glaucoma?

Heavy exercises like weightlifting or postures with head down can potentially increase intraocular/eye pressure.

How does glaucoma medication affect the baby?

Glaucoma medication use during pregnancy should be carefully monitored by a healthcare provider to minimize potential risks to the baby.

Can glaucoma occur in a baby?

While rare, glaucoma can occur in babies, often as a result of congenital abnormalities or genetic factors.

Does working on a computer or mobile worsen my glaucoma or eye pressure?

Prolonged use of computers or mobile devices may strain the eyes but is not directly linked to worsening glaucoma or increasing eye pressure. However, taking regular breaks and practicing good eye hygiene is recommended for overall eye health.

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