Diabetes (Diabetes mellitus) is a diseasewhich disturbs the body metabolism resulting in the high blood sugar levels and producing the commonly observed symptoms like frequent urination, increased hunger and increased thirst. It is known for causing many types of issues in the different parts of the human body and eyes are one of them. One prominent eye ailment caused by diabetes is known as Diabetic Retinopathy. What are the things that you should be aware about this disease? Let’s find out.
1) There are more than one eye ailments caused by Diabetes
Diabetes is a leading cause of blindness in the world. It is a metabolic disorder which interferes with body’s ability to use and store sugar. It usually affects adults in their late forties or fifties. However, these days owing to lifestyle changes even young people can get diabetes.The most significant complication of Diabetes in eyes is Diabetic Retinopathy, which is just one of the eye issues caused by diabetes. Uncontrolled diabetes can affect eyes, nerves and kidneys. Individuals with diabetes are more likely to develop cataracts at a younger age and are twice as likely to develop glaucoma as are non-diabetics. There are many other conditions namely Retinal Vascular Occlusion, Ischemic Optic Neuropathy, Cranial Nerve Palsy, Dry Eye, Glaucoma and Cataracts.
2) Symptoms develop very slowly
Diabetic retinopathy is one of such diseases which show minimal symptoms in beginning. This means that person with perfect 20/20 vision can also suffer from diabetic retinopathy in future.The classic symptoms of diabetes are increased thirst, frequent urination, weight loss, tiredness or blurred vision.
- Blurred, double, or distorted vision or difficulty reading.
- Floaters or spots in your vision.
- Partial or total loss of vision or a shadow or veil across your field of vision.
- Pain, pressure, or constant redness of the eye.
3) Proper treatment is done by Ophthalmologist
If you are diagnosed with Diabetic Retinopathy, proper treatment can only be done by a retina specialist. The choice of treatment depends on the stage of the disease, age of the patient and the recommendations of the ophthalmologist.
Treatment options for Diabetic retinopathy include Laser photocoagulation, Intravitreal injections and Vitrectomy. Many patients have improved vision after vitrectomy.
4) There are activities which can reduce the risks
Maintaining blood sugar levels, healthy eating, avoiding smoking and getting regular eye exams helps to reduce the risks of getting affected by Diabetic retinopathy.
Knowing the risks and symptoms of diabetic retinopathy is not enough. If you or a loved one has diabetes, don’t take chances. The only real way to safeguard your vision is by making your eye health a priority. Proper and regular eye care is a must for lifelong healthy eyesight.