As we age, there come inevitable changes in our bodies which affect us in different ways.Various things in our body begin to change including the eyes. Our eyes have a crystalline lens which works to focus on things at varying distances. This lens becomes stiff and hardens to some extent, losing its ability to focus properly. With these changes occurring in the natural crystalline lens with passing time, it can possibly lead to cataracts, which is clouding of the ocular lens causing loss of its clarity therefore leading to blurred vision. When cataract forms, surgery is the only way to treat it. In cataract surgery, the surgeon removes the clouded lens and puts an Intra Ocular Lens (IOL) in your eyes. Your vision will be as good as pre-cataract days, though you may need to wear glasses. Over the years, cataract surgery has moved from vision restorative to refractive surgery, so that you have reduced need of glasses. TYPES OF CATARACT SURGERY PHACOEMULSIFICATION Phacoemulsification with foldable intraocular Lens (IOL) is the standard treatment option. Using ultrasonic power, cataractous lens is broken down into small pieces and sucked out using a vacuum based aspiration system. A new artificial lens is implanted in its place which allows seeing clearly. MICRO INCISION CATARACT SURGERY (MICS) Over the years, there have been revolutionary changes in the way cataracts are removed. The size of corneal incision made during cataract surgery has considerably reduced from 12mm to less than 2mm. A smaller incision leads to improved visual outcome and quicker post procedure recovery for the patient. • Advanced, state-of-the-art technique for cataract removal • Requires a very small incision (<2mm) • Walk-in, Walk-out procedure • Stitchless, bloodless, painless cataract surgery • Incision heals very quickly • Quick post-op recovery BLADE FREE FEMTOCATARACT SURGERY With this radical technology, cataract surgery can now be more safe and accurate. Automating the most crucial steps in cataract surgery assures minimum pain and maximum accuracy and ensures a quick surgery and quicker recovery. • Blade less laser cataract surgery • The actual working of the laser takes less than 1 minute • Greater safety, precision & accuracy • Capsular opening, fragmentation of cataract with laser & corneal incisions are fully automated • Reduces phaco energy by more than 50% • Better visual outcome with quicker recovery *The views expressed here are solely those of the author in his private capacity and do not in any way represent the views of Centre for Sight.