Not sure about eye care after turning 40? Read on
Ageing is a natural and inevitable process. It is considered as a risk factor for developing many age-related eye diseases, like dry eyes, age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, cataracts, presbyopia, and temporal arteritis. Therefore, it becomes essential to care for eyes to maintain good vision and overall health.
Changes that one might notice with ageing eyes are as follows:
- Browning or yellowing in the eyes due to exposure to ultraviolet rays (UV) for many years
- Random pigmentation in the eyes
- Thinning of the conjunctiva
- Increased transparency of the sclera causes a bluish hue
How to prevent common eye problems from ageing?
Yes, it is in your hands to protect your eyes. Many eye diseases can be averted and corrected if you are careful with certain things, like:
- Consult your family physician to check for diseases like diabetes that could cause eye disorders.
- Visit an ophthalmologist every one to two years and to have a comprehensive eye check-up. Often, doctors can detect eye diseases in their early stages and treat accordingly, without letting it worse.
- An eye exam with pupil dilation is advised every year if you have a history of eye diseases running in the family or have diabetes.
- You should know what medications you are taking (supplements, vitamins, non-prescription drugs). Let your eye specialist also know about these medications, so he/she has a better idea about your treatment (if needed).
- Make sure to eat healthily and sleep enough. Do not take the stress and drink lots of water.
Some common age-related eye problems:
Below listed are some common eye ailments and conditions that can happen to anyone, but have more chances to affect ageing people.
Presbyopia is a refractive error that is associated with ageing eyes. In this condition, the eyes lose their ability to focus on nearby objects. The person suffering from it can have difficulty reading small print, eyestrain, headaches.
Eye floaters are small spots (specks) in your vision. They are not necessarily harmful but can indicate eye ailments like retinal detachment sometimes. It is advised to seek an eye specialist if you notice a sudden change in the number or type of spots in your eyes.
When tear glands become unable to produce enough tears, then the person becomes a sufferer of dry eyes. Eyes tend to itch, burn, and turn red. In such a scenario, the patient is advised to use a humidifier at home or apply eye drops that can simulate tears. The extreme cases of dry eyes can be treated with surgery or tear duct plugs.
Cataracts are the clouding of the natural lens of the eyes. This eye disorder blocks the lens and makes it difficult to see things. It is a progressive disorder that often forms without pain or tearing. If cataracts become too much of an issue, then doctors remove them via surgery and replace your natural lens with an artificial one.
Excess tears characterise teary eyes without any apparent reason. Tearing can happen when you are sensitive to wind, a sudden change in temperature, light, or when your tear duct drainage system is blocked.
Other age-related eye problems
Decreased colour vision:
Ageing causes a gel-like substance in the eyes (vitreous) to liquefy and pull away from the retina. This is called vitreous detachment. It causes floaters and spots. If you experience floaters inside the eyes, visit your eye specialist once.
Glaucoma is often known as 'Kala motia' is one of the leading causes of blindness in elderly people. A buildup of pressure inside the eyes damages the optic nerve, which is responsible for transmitting visual information to the brain. A comprehensive eye check-up along with glaucoma screening is helpful in detecting this disease in its early stage.
As we age, the cells in the retina for normal colour vision also tend to decline. This makes colours less bright and the contrast with colours less noticeable.
If you also suffer from ageing eyes symptoms, then reach your nearest Centre for Sight eye care hospital for the best possible treatment. We provide treatment for an array of eye-related ailments with the help of highly skilled specialists and state of the art infrastructure that we possess.
Article: Not sure about eye care after turning 40
Author: CFS Editorial Team | Aug 27, 2020 | UPDATED 01:15 IST
*The views expressed here are solely those of the author in his private capacity and do not in any way represent the views of Centre for Sight.