Are you planning to go under the knife for Glaucoma but not sure about the next step? If the answer is yes, then this blog is meant for you as it covers all the information you might need to make an informed decision on Glaucoma treatment.
What is glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that damage the optic nerve and cause progressive and irreversible vision loss. It is also referred to as Kala Motia, and a few associated symptoms of this eye ailment include:
- A gradual decrease in vision that usually goes unnoticed
- Headaches that are often accompanied by redness and pain in the eyes.
- Reduced vision in low light conditions or at night
- Pain around eyes after coming into the light from the darkness
Sometimes, glaucoma can also be totally asymptomatic and detected on a routine examination only. Having your eyes checked annually is recommended to avoid any ailments.
Who is at risk?
Even though Glaucoma can affect everyone from infants to children to senior citizens, some people are more prone to developing Glaucoma and include-
- People above the age of 40 years
- atients with hypertension, migraine or diabetes
- Patients having high powered glasses ( plus or minus)
- Patients on long term steroids for other ailments
- Patients who have undergone previous eye surgery
- Patients with a history of eye trauma/ injury
- People having a family history of Glaucoma (Kala motia)
Types of glaucoma
Once Glaucoma is established, one may wonder what kind it is? Generally, the division of Glaucoma is as follows:
Primary open-angle glaucoma
It is widely known as open-angle Glaucoma and is caused by increased eye pressure, which slowly causes damage to the optic nerve and consequent vision loss. It is often asymptomatic, and once the patient has been diagnosed with it, efforts are made to lower the eye pressure using eye drops. There are various kinds of eye drops available for treating it depending on associated conditions such as asthma, diabetes, inflammation in the eye, etc. Sometimes additional medicines are also given in the form of tablets, syrups, and injections to improve the pressure control. Other options, such as lasers, surgery, and filtration devices, are also considered for patients not responding to eye drops.
Angle-closure Glaucoma is a type of Glaucoma in which the drainage area or angle is closed or narrow. Consequently, the aqueous humour or fluid inside the eyes cannot drain out naturally, which leads to a rise in eye pressure. This may lead to pain in the eye, redness, decreased vision, and coloured halos around light. Angle-closure Glaucoma may have acute symptoms and need immediate attention in the form of medicines and lasers to relieve the acute attack. Some patients may have dull, low-grade pain in case of chronic angle-closure Glaucoma.
Secondary Glaucoma develops from other eye conditions such as trauma or injuries. It can also be caused by complicated surgeries, inflammation, or by using certain drugs like steroids. It can also occur because of pigmentary Glaucoma that involves pigment release from the human eye or due to pseudo-exfoliative Glaucoma that is defined as the deposition of flaky material in the eyes. Treatment for secondary Glaucoma depends on the cause behind it.
Prolonged steroid usage either locally in the eye or other ailments, can often lead to steroid-induced Glaucoma. People having a family history of this ailment or those who have myopia are at a higher risk of developing this disease. Also, diabetic patients are more prone to steroid-induced Glaucoma in comparison to other people. Ophthalmologists recommend avoiding steroids to people affected by this eye disease.
The way forward?
Unfortunately, a vast majority of people who suffer from Glaucoma or Kala motia have no early symptoms or pain. Hence it becomes even more pertinent to see eye doctors at regular intervals of time as early detection and diagnosis play a critical role in preventing the irreversible loss of sight that comes with this eye disease. Eye specialists thus recommend regular eye check-ups, especially for people who are above 40 years of age.
Looking for the best glaucoma treatment near you?
If you are looking for Glaucoma treatment but unsure whom to consult, head to Centre for Sight today. With a team of eye specialists spread across India and equipped with state-of-the-art technology, we are fully geared not just to detect early stages of Glaucoma or 'Kala motia' but to ensure comprehensive treatment and surgical management of the same.
Article:Are you planning for a glaucoma treatment? Read on
Author: CFS Editorial Team | Sept 11 2020 | UPDATED 08:10 IST
*The views expressed here are solely those of the author in his private capacity and do not in any way represent the views of Centre for Sight.